THE HISTORY OF AN URBAN AREA

THE MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE MUSEUM AREA FROM THE IV CENTURY B.C. TO DATE.

4TH - 2ND CENT. B.C.
CULTIVATED LAND
CULTIVATED LAND

The oldest context discovered consists of very small area with signs of ploughing and planting: indications of agricultural use.

2ND CENT. TO MID 1ST CENT B.C.
THE POZZOLANA QUARRIES
THE POZZOLANA QUARRIES

 For the first time on the Esquiline there is evidence of the open pozzolana quarries that characterised the area. Pozzolana was a much sought-after building material, especially during this period of great building expansion in Rome, the new master city of the Mediterranean.

1ST CENT. TO THE END 1ST CENT. A.D.
THE HORTI
THE HORTI

Lucius Aelius Lamia bought the area, and after filling the quarries with rubble, built his horti. After this came repeated alterations that changed the setup of the gardens. One of these, in the Julio-Claudian period, installed a grand marble staircase that connected the different levels.

2ND CENT A.D.
THE SERVICE AREA
THE SERVICE AREA

A rectangular room was installed in this part of the Horti. The plastering and paving of the interior suggests that it was used for storage.

3RD CENT. A.D.
THE FIRST PIAZZA
THE FIRST PIAZZA

The area was monumentalised. New construction enlarged the rectangular room and created a piazza with a small nymphaeum and fountain. From the fountain, the water ran along a 45-metre channel, a feature known as the euripus.

3RD-4TH CENT. A.D.
THE PIAZZA AND THE NYMPHAEUM IN THE SEVERAN ERA
THE PIAZZA AND THE NYMPHAEUM IN THE SEVERAN ERA

The euripus was eliminated, but the complex of piazza and nymphaeum were enlarged by adding mosaic-paved rooms, decorated with sumptuous marble. 

4TH-5TH CENT. A.D.
THE LAST WORKS
THE LAST WORKS

Three buttresses were added on the eastern side to solve static problems. Shortly afterwards, two corner rooms were added for service functions.

5TH - 7TH CENT. A.D.
ABANDONMENT
ABANDONMENT

The piazza-nymphaeum fell into disuse and its furnishings were stripped. Masonry works created modest new spaces within the grand structures. A few burials were deposited along the road. The archaeological layers above these were stripped during construction works at the end of the 19th century, for the new residential quarter of Esquilino.

2021
MUSEO NINFEO
MUSEO NINFEO
After more than 10 years of work, the Museum is inaugurated.

Si informa che il Museo Ninfeo rimarrà chiuso il 24 e il 31 Dicembre 2023.
Lo staff augura Buone Festività.

The Nymphaeum Museum will be closed on the 24th and the 31st December 2023.
The staff wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.